The author of this article is Rebecca Moses

 

Your Complete Guide to Healthy Skin and Hair

It’s not just a beauty concern to want glowing and healthy hair and skin. These aspects of a person’s appearance carry a lot of weight regarding first impressions and how someone is perceived.

A strong and confident appearance can be an asset that will help you to succeed among others. Not to mention that both your hair and your skin are both strong indicators of your overall health.

It’s not just about other people, either. Having healthy hair and skin is a big part of how you might perceive yourself. It can boost your self-esteem and make you feel more comfortable and confident in your own skin. Additionally, these are important aspects of self-representation and your personal style.

In this article, we are going to keep you up to speed on how to identify your skin type. With this information you can form the best routine and self-care habits to care for your skin and clear out any pesky skin conditions that might be standing in your way.

Following this, we’ll talk about hair and the ways that you can narrow down and identify your own hair type. With some tips on how to care for it and the best ways to approach various hair conditions, your hair will shine as if you had just left the salon.

 

Your Guide to Glowing Skin

Believe it or not, beauty isn’t the only important aspect of your skin. Skin is actually the body’s largest organ. This means that, for all its aesthetic and stylistic purposes, the most important thing skin does is protect our body from infection and outside threats.

The overall health benefits of healthy skin include:

  • The ability to more consistently regulate and even out your body temperature.
  • Increased vitamin D production from exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D is vital for efficient calcium allocation and maintaining strong bones.
  • Being better equipped to protect the body from harmful UV rays.
  • The ability to feel important stimulation from the environment, such as pain or physical pressure, which can allow you to act in a way that protects the rest of your body.

Each layer of skin plays a different role in fighting infection and impurities throughout the body, all the while shielding our vital organs. And just like any organ made up of cells, skin cells need hydration, or the water content within the cells that allow them to be bouncy and flexible, and moisture, which refers to the ability to seal in the hydration and build a protective barrier for the skin, to remain healthy.

Healthy skin has a moisture layer that binds water to the outer skin layers. In the beauty world, this moisture layer is described as a glow. Healthy skin should appear plump but not swollen.

Your routine’s number one goal should be to balance your skin’s moisture layer. Additionally, it’s important to remember that we have skin all over our bodies. This skin also requires moisture, care, and it also has treatable conditions.

 

What Are Skin Types?

We inherit our skin type from genetics. Each skin type has the potential to be healthy and beautiful. However, determining your skin type is the first step toward knowing what kind of skin care routine will best promote overall health.

For the most part, skin types are categorized by how much sebum the skin produces and where. Sebum is the natural skin oil that protects the skin’s moisture balance. However, sebum that mixes with dirt, bacteria, and dead skin can cause infections in the skin’s surface.

Even among people with the same skin type, skin condition varies from person to person. It is also influenced by factors, such as air quality, allergies, diet, and hygiene practices.

The four most common skin types include: Normal, Dry, Oily, and Combination.

 

Normal Skin

The ‘normal’ skin type refers to skin that is healthy and well-hydrated. Those with normal skin do not experience too much or too little sebum. Instead, their moisture layers are well-balanced.

Normal skin tolerates most internal and external factors without overreacting. It will likely appear smooth with good blood circulation, fine pores, and fewer blemishes. Normal skin is not prone to sensitivity. However, as normal skin ages, it often becomes more dry and sensitive.

  • Since normal skin is so tolerant, you have a lot of latitude to figure out what routine and products work best for you and your lifestyle.
  • Normal skin can tend to dry out as it ages, so it’s important to begin an anti-aging skincare routine in your mid-to-late twenties, before you even begin to see signs of aging.

 

Dry Skin

Dry skin produces less sebum and therefore lacks the fats needed to retain moisture and protect the skin. It might feel tight or brittle. Additionally, dry skin often clings to a layer of dead skin cells that make the skin appear dull or flaky.

Dry skin requires routine moisturization both through increased hydration and topical moisturizers.

  • Avoid taking overly hot showers, which dry out the skin. Splash your skin in cold water at the end of your bathing, moisturize right after the shower to seal in moisture.
  • Take care when exfoliating, since over-exfoliating can dry out the skin even more. Use products such as salicylic or glycolic acid sparingly, and make sure to always reapply moisturizer after exfoliating.
  • Avoid products that contain detergents or sulfates, which irritate dry skin.
  • Opt for cream moisturizers rather than a thin lotion or gel. Moisturize both in the morning and at night.
  • Cleansers for dry skin should be mild to avoid damaging the skin. Look for gentle surfactants that are specially designed for dry or sensitive skin. Use only natural fragrances and fruit oils that offer your skin vitamins.
  • Wear sunscreen to protect the skin from dehydration and sun damage.
  • Areas where the skin is thinner, such as the lips, will require more frequent moisturizer applications and protection from harsh conditions.

 

Oily Skin

Oily skin has greater sebum production than normal skin and will tend to have more blemishes. While genetics play a large factor in whether you have oily skin, sebum overproduction can also stem from hormonal imbalances, stress, some medications, and the use of cosmetic products. Oily skin might have enlarged pores, thicker skin, and a glossy shine.

Those with oily skin should avoid thick creams and moisturizers. Many prefer gel moisturizers for their ability to seal in the moisture of the skin without feeling dense or heavy.

  • Choose cleansers specially formulated for oily skin to help clear away excess oils and bacteria.
  • Avoid thick creams and moisturizers. Instead, opt for gel moisturizers that seal in moisture without feeling dense or heavy.
  • Hyaluronic Acid is an amazing ingredient to help oily skin retain its water without feeling greasy.
  • After washing, splash your skin with cold water to close the pores.
  • Glycolic Acid can reduce the appearance of pores without drying out the skin.
  • Gently exfoliate oily skin on a regular basis to help clear away the buildup of dead skin and oils that can accumulate on the surface. Salicylic Acid is a great ingredient that naturally exfoliates while cleansing the skin to prevent acne.

 

Combination Skin

Combination skin usually refers to skin that is oily throughout the T-zone (the area of the forehead, nose, and chin) and dry or normal on the cheeks. Those with combination skin should evaluate the oil production in different parts of their face, and care for the skin accordingly. For some, the area around the mouth can be its own combination of oily, dry, or sensitive.

  • Split your skincare routine, so that you apply oily skin products on the T-Zone and normal or dry skin products on the rest of the face.
  • Alternate cleansers and moisturizers, depending on the moisture of your skin during different seasons or times of the month. For example, all skin tends to be a little drier in the winter than the summer, making it more important to use heavy moisture or creams in the winter months.

 

Skin Conditions

Skin conditions may come and go during your lifetime. While some are avoidable with a good skincare routine, others are hereditary and at times unavoidable.

These conditions are heavily influenced by both internal and external factors, such as climate and air quality, medication and nutrition, stress, aging, physical fitness, allergies, and skin care products.

 

Skin Sensitivity

Sensitive skin is prone to inflammation and easily irritated by factors that might not bother someone with well-balanced skin. This happens when the skin has little to no natural barrier, allowing it to lose too much water. Skin sensitivity is particularly common among those with dry skin.

Some may experience skin sensitivity as an inherited condition. Others, might have sensitive skin because of internal or external factors, such as sun exposure, stress, or the use of harsh ingredients in cosmetics.

Individuals with sensitive skin will often have reactions to particular ingredients. Irritation often manifests as patchy red, itchy, burning, and dry skin. Many with sensitive skin will recognize triggers, irritants, and patterns that they can avoid in the future.

To mitigate the effects of sensitive skin, make sure to moisturize it to soothe it and replenish the skin’s protection. However, make sure to choose clean products that don’t contain unnatural dyes or fragrances, which could irritate the skin.

  • Avoid friction, excessive heat, and other triggers, such as alcohol, stress, or various nutritional allergies.
  • If your skin is currently troubled or sensitive, look for a hydrating serum to help it to heal and even out.
  • Antioxidants are important for damaged skin to eliminate free radicals.
  • Avoid ingredients known to irritate skin, such as isopropyl myristate, which is common in hair conditioners.

Acne

Acne arises when pores are blocked with a combination of oil, dead skin cells, dirt, and bacteria. This infection becomes inflamed and develops into a pimple or zit. While it is often most frustrating on the face, acne can be found all over the body, particularly in the areas of the back, neck, chest, and shoulders. 

The different forms of acne:

  • Blackheads are open to the surface of the skin and their exposure to oxygen gives them their black appearance.
  • Whiteheads are closed beneath the top surface of the skin.
  • Papules are a more extreme form of acne that appears as small, raised bumps often surrounding infected or ingrown hairs.
  • Pustules are small, red pimples with pus at the top.
  • Nodules are solid painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin.
  • Cysts are larger, very painful pus-filled lumps beneath the skin.

In most cases, acne won’t harm overall health. Severe acne, however, can be painful and picking at or disturbing your acne can cause scarring. It can also cause emotional distress and social anxiety.

 

Why do they occur?

There are numerous causes of acne, including skin sensitivity, unclean skin, irritants in cosmetics, as well as hormonal and stress outbreaks.

When hormone levels change, you could experience skin problems or breakouts. For many women this happens on a monthly basis with their monthly cycle. Others will primarily experience this during pregnancy or menopause. Additionally, certain medications, such as birth control and corticosteroids, can influence the growth of acne.

These fluctuations will signal a production of androgens, which is a male hormone present in both men and women. This increases sebum production while expanding the size of pores, allowing for blockages and pimples.

 

How to Get Rid of Acne
  • Don’t scrub at your face or pick your pimples. They will take longer to heal, and your hands could spread bacteria.
  • While it may be tempting to wash your face constantly to get rid of acne, it’s best to wash it no more than twice a day, and after sweating a lot.
  • Clean skin daily with mild soap to remove oil, dirt, and dead skin cells. Many cleansers that help will contain salicylic acid, which prevents pores from clogging
  • Keep hair out of face to avoid transferring oils and dirt onto the face.
  • Check your makeup to make sure that it’s not causing your breakouts.
  • Always remove makeup before bed.
  • Change pillowcases and bed sheets regularly.
  • Shower after exercising.
  • Masks that contain sulphur or carbon will help to clear up oil and bacteria while also clearing away skin cells.
  • Prescription-strength topicals are available to reduce oil production and clear out bacteria.
  • Some doctors and dermatologists will prescribe antibiotics to reduce inflammation and destroy the bacteria that causes acne. This is a short-term solution and can’t be used for long-term skin sensitivity.
  • Isotretinoin (Accutane) is a medication developed from vitamin A prescribed to treat severe nodular acne. This is only used for treatment-resistant flare-ups, since it can have serious side effects.

 

Wrinkles

Signs of aging generally begin at around 25 years old with fine lines that can eventually turn into wrinkles. As the skin ages, it loses its elasticity and slows its moisture production.

The first fine lines and wrinkles that most people develop are crows feet and laugh lines around the mouth and at the corner of the eyes. These are often followed by forehead lines.

 

What Causes Wrinkles?

Ultimately, aging is an internal process, driven by hormonal influences, such as the decreasing estrogen levels over time, poor blood circulation, and genetics.

When we age, our skin produces less sebum, which can cause it to be dryer, less elastic, and slower to heal. 

At the same time, the dermal layers of the skin begin losing about 1 percent of their collagen a year from the age of 25. Collagen helps the skin maintain its structure and integrity. Without it, the skin cells are less structured, allowing for wrinkles. This might mean that the lips lose a little of their plumpness, the skin flattens, and parts of the face and neck start to sag.

The skin also decreases its production of hyaluronic acid, which is responsible for binding water into the skin. This makes the skin more prone to damage.

Deeper in the skin (subdermal layers) the number of lipid-storing layers starts decrease with age. This results in sagging skin and volume loss, leading to deep wrinkles and hollow cheeks and temples.

External causes are generally triggers of oxidative stress, which releases free radicals that break down important skin components, including naturally occurring hyaluronic acid, collagen, and elastin. Healthy skin uses anti-oxidants to catch and neutralize free radicals. However, the ability to fight them off decreases over time.

The biggest causes of oxidative stress include:

  • Sun ExposurePhotoaging is skin damage that comes from sun exposure, which can cause dead skin and uneven pigmentation. Photoaging doesn’t just come from prolonged  sunbathing, but it can happen with everyday sun exposure as well.
  • Pollution – Exposure to pollution can trigger the release of free radicals.
  • Tobacco Smoke – The chemicals in cigarettes, including nicotine, can greatly increase the number of free radicals in the skin.

 

Techniques for Softening or Removing Wrinkles

It’s best to begin preventative skin maintenance before you hit your thirties. This will most often mean drinking plenty of water and beginning a moisturizing routine. Many who are concerned with aging opt for moisturizing eye creams in addition to using other facial moisturizers.

  • For those with wrinkles, anti-aging products can help to reduce their appearance.
  • Don’t over-exfoliate, even when the skin feels dry.
  • Moisturize right after washing or bathing.
  • Use a humidifier indoors, particularly in climates with dry winters.
  • Wear gloves with cleaning with cleaning agents, detergents, or solvents.
  • Aging skin also becomes more vulnerable to sun damage with less efficient healing and cell turnover. Wear sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays, and avoid direct sunlight.
  • Consume antioxidants, often found in fruits and vegetables, though nutritional meals and supplements. Antioxidants are molecules that help to neutralize free radicals, thus slowing down the skin’s aging process.
  • Look into procedures, such as microdermabrasion or laser skin tightening, to minimize the appearance of wrinkles, sun damage, and fine lines.

 

Rosacea

Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition where broken blood vessels in the face cause redness. In some cases, those with rosacea may also experience small pustules. Rosacea flare-ups may last for weeks and even months.

Anyone can have rosacea. Nonetheless, it’s most common among middle-aged women with lighter skin tones. There’s no cure for it. However, treatments can help to control its appearance and reduce the signs and symptoms.

 

What Causes Rosacea?

For many people, rosacea is a hereditary condition. Environmental factors may also exacerbate or trigger flare ups. Additionally, rosacea can happen over many parts of the body.

Some common rosacea triggers include:

  • Hot beverages and caffeine
  • Dairy products
  • Spicy foods
  • Red wine and other alcoholic beverages
  • Extreme temperatures
  • Sunlight, windburn, or humidity
  • Emotional triggers, such as stress, anxiety, anger, or embarrassment
  • Vigorous exercise
  • Reactions to drugs that dilate blood vessels, such as blood pressure medications
  • Some cosmetic products
  • Smoking tobacco products

You can recognize rosacea by:

  • Facial Redness – The redness associated with rosacea tends to be patchy and persistent. This is because the smaller blood vessels on the nose and cheeks will swell and become visible. This might sometimes manifest as someone blushing easily.
  • Swollen Red Bumps – Many people will experience acne-like pimples and pustules with a rosacea flareup. These can make the skin feel warm to the touch and tender.
  • Dry or Swollen Eyes (Ocular Rosacea) – In some cases, rosacea can cause dry, irritated, or swollen eyes and eyelids.
  • Enlarged Nose (Rhinophyma)- Over time and with extensive flare ups, rosacea may thicken the nose, causing it to become bulbous. This symptom is more likely to occur in men than in women.

 

How to Clear Up Rosacea?

If left untreated, rosacea can worsen over time. To identify your personal triggers for your rosacea flare ups, try keeping a list of things that you’ve eaten or done before the flareup.

  • Use broad spectrum sunscreen of at least 15 SPF.
  • To mask rosacea breakouts, use a moisturizing green-tinted concealer.
  • Using a scarf or hat to protect the face in winter weather.
  • Do not rub or touch the face, particularly during flare ups.
  • Avoiding facial products that contain irritants or alcohol.
  • Using moisturizer after topical medications have dried.
  • Decrease alcohol consumption.
  • Avoid electric shavers.
  • Stress is a common trigger of rosacea, and that includes physical stress brought on by extreme physical exercise. Try breathing exercises, meditative movement (such as yoga or tai-chi), and other stress relief methods.

For severe cases of rosacea, see a doctor, dermatologist, or skin specialist. Avoid over-the-counter steroid creams and medication until you’ve talked with your doctor.

  • Topical medications can help to reduce inflammation and redness.
  • Antibiotics may be prescribed as topical medication or taken orally. These are used for anti-inflammatory properties, and they often give quick results.
  • Isotretinoin (Accutane) is an oral medication that can be used for severe cases for treatment resistant flare-ups.
  • Blephamide is a steroid eye drop sometimes prescribed for ocular rosacea.
  • Tetracyclines are sometimes prescribed for ocular rosacea to address symptoms of dryness, itching, and light sensitivity.

 

Eczema

Eczema is a form of severe dermatitis, known as Atopic Dermatitis. Eczema causes patches of skin to become red and inflamed. It can often be itchy and result in cracked, rough, and blistered skin.

It’s often a hereditary condition that can last for years, most often during adolescence. Some people outgrow the condition while others will continue to have eczema into adulthood. Those who live in drier climates are more likely to develop dermatitis.

 

What Causes Eczema?

There are a variety of causes of eczema, and it’s normally up to individuals to examine their life, environment, nutritional, and lifestyle factors to see what may be causing their eczema.

Possible trigger for an eczema flare up:

  • Certain foods, similar to allergic reactions, such as nuts or dairy, soy products, or wheat
  • Environmental factors, such as pollen, pets, mold, smoke, or pollution
  • Irritants from soaps, shampoos, detergents, lotions, and cosmetics
  • Microbes, such as viruses and some fungi
  • Extreme temperatures, weather, humidity, and perspiration from exercise
  • Hormonal imbalances or changes, such as pregnancy or monthly cycles

 

Treatments for Eczema

There is no way to cure or eliminate eczema without your body naturally healing from it. Treatments instead focus on alleviating and managing symptoms. This is important to keep yourself from scratching or irritating the condition further.

  • Use mild soap or cleansers when washing.
  • Apply moisturizer soon after bathing to lock in moisture.
  • Pat your skin dry and do not rub with harsh towels.
  • Moisturize everyday.
  • Wear soft and breathable fabrics, instead of scratchy or itchy fibers and tight-fitting clothing.
  • Don’t allow sweat to sit on your skin.
  • Avoid rapid changes of temperature.
  • Learn your personal eczema triggers and avoid them.
  • Use a humidifier in the home or office during dry and cold weather.

 

Medications are sometimes prescribed by doctors to alleviate the symptoms of eczema:

  • Topical corticosteroid creams are anti-inflammatory medications to relieve inflammation and itchiness.
  • For those that don’t have relief from topical creams, doctors may prescribe oral or injected systemic corticosteroids, antibiotics, and antiviral and antifungal medications.
  • Antihistamines can be used to reduce nighttime itching and scratching.
  • Phototherapy, specifically exposure to UV A or B waves during light therapy may be effective to treat dermatitis.

 

Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition where a patch of skin becomes darker in color than the surrounding skin. This is a common condition that affects people of all skin types and tones.

Hyperpigmentation can cover large or small areas and patches. In some cases, it can even affect the entire body.

These darker patches come from an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that determines skin color, deposited in certain areas of the skin.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

Age or Liver Spots (Solar Lentigines) – This is a common form of hyperpigmentation in the form of small darkened patches that occur as a result of sun damage. They are often found on the hands and face.

Melasma – Melasma spots are larger areas of darker skin that often appear after hormonal changes. This often happens through pregnancy, which can cause an overproduction of melanin across the face, abdomen, and other areas of the body.

Injury and Inflammation – Skin injuries can alter the pigmentation of the surrounding skin. This is not normally a result of scarring so much as inflammation.

Treatments
  • Sunscreen is essential to keeping an even skin tone and protecting the skin from aging and sun-caused hyperpigmentation.
  • Avoid picking at skin that has a darker pigment to prevent injury and scarring.
  • Topical treatments will often include ingredients, such as azelaic acid, corticosteroids, or small amounts of hydroquinone, kojic acid, retinoids, and vitamin C.
  • Laser therapy has had some success treating hyperpigmentation, as well as intense pulsed light therapy.
  • The exfoliation of chemical peels and microdermabrasion can help to lighten parts of the skin.
  • Prescription creams that contain hydroquinone can help to bleach or lighten darkened skin areas by slowing the melanin production. These topical creams can irritate sensitive skin and make it even more sensitive to sun exposure.

 

Nutrition

When you eat, you’re nourishing your skin as well as the other organs of your body.

Proper nutrition influences everything, including strong, protected, quick-healing skin with improved elasticity and hydration.

Key ingredients that will help your skin are:

  • Healthy fats
  • Vitamins
  • Antioxidants

Foods that Are Good for the Skin

  • Vegetables and olive oil offer nutrients and antioxidants that are really great for the skin, particularly to prevent symptoms of aging.
  • Blueberries, strawberries, grapefruit, kale, spinach, and peppers all offer Vitamin C and antioxidants that directly help with skin health, anti-aging, and regeneration.
  • Diets rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as those from fatty fish, help to keep the outer skin layer strong and elastic.
  • Salmon, sardines, eggs, and walnuts offer proteins and healthy fats that help to strengthen skin cells.
  • Foods containing B-carotene, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, leafy greens, and apricots, and lycopene, including tomatoes and tomato purees, watermelon, red peppers, and pink grapefruit, can help to prevent sunburn and sun damage.

 

Foods that Are Bad for the Skin

  • Some people experience breakouts from foods that contain iodine, such as cod and dairy, as well as other seafood and seaweed.
  • Many react poorly to dairy products and other products that contain animal fats.
  • Excessive amounts of sugar will exacerbate breakouts.

 

Hydration

You need to stay hydrated for your skin cells to function at their best.

Without adequate hydration, your skin cells might feel tight and flaky, making it more prone to aging.

Drinking water has the following benefits for your skin:

  • Your skin will gain fewer wrinkles and fine lines.
  • Your complexion will be brighter and more even. Your skin will be less puffy with smaller pores for a smoother complexion.
  • Water flushes toxins from your skin while also increasing blood flow to the skin to allow for regeneration and faster healing.
  • Your cells will be better at fighting off infection and clearing away acne.

 

Exercise

Exercising helps get your blood circulating. This increased blood flow is an important part of transferring oxygen to skin cells. In addition, exercise can help to regulate and balance hormones which will slow the release of sebum.

Additionally, exercise will help to decrease stress and anxiety, which can decrease the lifestyle liability for developing acne.

Tips to Get You Moving

  • Remember that exercising can be as good or better for your skin as a trip to the spa.
  • Go out for a walk with your pets or kids.
  • Go for a stroll during a work break.
  • Use a standing desk.
  • Do a HIIT exercise in your own home.
  • Plan a weekly gym visit or yoga session into your schedule.

 

Stress

Higher stress levels may stimulate the adrenal glands, causing the body to pump out hormones, such as cortisol. When the hormones rebalance, it triggers androgens, therefore stimulating the oil glands.

Too much sebum when combined with other effects of stress, such as not taking as much care of yourself as you would normally, poor nutrition, dead skin cells, debris, and other bacteria makes it more likely to break out.

Additionally, when stress affects your sleep cycles, it can cause bags under your eyes, wrinkling, acne, and a dulled complexion.

 

Skin Care Products

Skin care products can be intimidating for those without a lot of experience or who are just beginning to embrace a skincare routine. This is because everyone’s skin is different, and it will have different reactions to various ingredients.

It can be difficult to fully trust reviews and marketing. The important thing is to look at the ingredients and pick products with clean ingredients and those without alcohol, sulfates, and parabens.

The second consideration is to trust yourself and your experience. If something irritates your skin, note down the ingredients, drop it, and find something else.

 

Basic Products You Should Have in Your Beauty Routine

These products are ordered in terms of application order and routine. Keep in mind that some people have a skincare routine of only three to four steps and others ten or more steps. Just listen to your own skin and its needs.

  • Makeup Removal Oil – If you often wear waterproof or a full face of makeup, you might be better off with the double-cleansing method. To double cleanse, find an oil cleanser or makeup remover oil. This will melt away the makeup while also cleaning your skin. Do this before using your regular cleanser.
  • Cleanser – Cleanser is the first step in a skincare routine. In most cases, you’ll want a gentle water-soluble cleanser. Don’t use soap, which can disrupt the pH balance of your skin.
  • Toner – Toner is the next step after cleansing to get rid of any oil or leftover makeup. Toner also helps to balance the skin, thus preparing it for serums and moisturizer.
  • Serums – Serums are formulas packed with ingredients and nutrients for brightening, hydrating, and anti-aging. Some target specific skin types and issues, while others provide all-in-one effects. Do not be afraid of oil-based serums either, since frequently these oils strengthen your moisture barrier and are non-comedogenic.
  • Moisturizer – Moisturizer is the last step in a skin routine and also one of the most important. No matter what skin type you have, it’s important to keep it hydrated. Moisturizers are developed for all different skin types and environmental needs, and many of them are packed with nutrients and antioxidants to help keep your skin healthy.
  • Exfoliant – Exfoliants shouldn’t be part of your daily routine, but they are a good weekly measure to keep your skin healthy and glowing. The best way to exfoliate is with a gentle chemical exfoliant.
  • Eye Cream – Moisturizers specific for the eyes tend to be thicker and specially developed for anti-aging benefits to reduce wrinkles, plump the skin, and bright skin around the eyes.
  • Sun Protection – Find an SPF moisturizer that is specially formulated for the face and incorporate it into your morning routine on days that you venture outside.

 

How to Build a Routine for Your Age

Most people won’t fully change their routine as they age. Instead, they will change out the products that they use to target their specific aging concerns.

For example, as your skin ages, you’ll likely trade in acne-prevention products for moisturizing and skin-plumping products, such as those that contain hyaluronic acid.

As your skin ages, serums will be more targeted toward gently exfoliating dry skin, rather than blemish control. Additionally, as you age, you might opt for moisturizers that contain retinol, and regularly add eye creams into your routine.

 

Makeup

While makeup can help to make your skin look perfect, it’s best if you apply it to a base of smooth healthy skin. For best results, apply your makeup after your morning skincare routine.

Tips to wear makeup while maintaining healthy skin care habits:

  • Clean your makeup brushes weekly.
  • Switch out cream and liquid makeup products regularly.
  • Always remove your makeup before going to sleep.
  • Use a moisturizing primer below your makeup to keep it from drying you out.
  • Let your skin breathe. Wearing makeup for too long can inhibit cell turnover and dull the skin.
  • Avoid applying makeup to dry or flaky skin. Instead, exfoliate and moisturize first, then apply makeup.
  • Always check a makeup bottle’s ingredients rather than choosing it based on its marketing claims.
  • Opt for products that contain vitamin C which amps up your natural glow.
  • Cleansing wipes are useful in a real pinch, but don’t count on them to completely remove your makeup on a regular basis.
  • Keep track of what you use. If you have a makeup induced breakout, track down the ingredients on the products you used so that you can find out what ingredients are responsible for troubling your skin so that you can eliminate it.

 

How to Choose Proper Makeup

When wearing makeup, it’s best to wear as little as needed to complete your intended look. This is because whether or not a certain makeup is comedogenic, you are adding more ingredients onto your face which can mix with skin cells, sebum, and sweat to clog pores. In most cases, it’s wise to avoid oil-based makeup which are difficult to remove at the end of the day.

Your makeup should never make your skin burn. Additionally, avoid makeup that dries out your face and makes it feel tight.

 

DIY Home Remedies for Glowing Skin

DIY recipes allow you to control exactly what you’re putting on your skin to get a truly all natural glow.

When using DIY recipes, avoid switching out too many of them in a short period of time. Instead, give your skin time to use and adjust to one before switching to another. This is because the different ingredients in DIY recipes can throw off your pH balance, particularly acidic ingredients.

 

DIY Recipes for Dry Skin

  • Vitamin C is a powerful ingredient to help your skin glow. Many glow serums will contain vitamin C, but you can also give yourself an extra boost by drinking lemon-infused water first thing in the morning.
  • Make your own Honey and Green Tea or Cinnamon Face Mask. Honey has anti-inflammatory benefits, as well as antioxidants which can help to nourish the skin and slow aging. Combine the honey with another natural ingredient high in antioxidants, such as matcha green tea powder or cinnamon.
  • Use Aloe Vera to moisturize your skin. For a light-weight gel, aloe vera is highly moisturizing. It’s commonly used to promote healing and reducing inflammation by treating sores and burns. Additionally, aloe vera contains salicylic acid and sulfur which are very gentle acne-fighters.

 

DIY Recipes for Oily and Acne-Prone Skin

  • Apple Cider Vinegar, when diluted, can be used as a toner to fight bacteria while reducing inflammation to reduce scarring. Additionally, the vinegar may help to dry up the excess oil that causes acne. Take care when trying this, as some people can experience burning and skin sensitivity when using apple cider vinegar. Start with diluting the one part vinegar to four parts water (1:4 solution).
  • Take Zinc Supplements to improve cell growth, hormone balancing, and metabolic function. It also helps to clear out the skin and reduce acne. To reduce acne, try taking 30-40 mg of zinc a day with a meal. In some cases, zinc supplements have caused unpleasant side effects, such as nausea, upset stomach and other stomach illnesses. Do not exceed 40 mg a day, and decrease your dosage if you experience negative side effects.
  • Use Tea Tree Oil or Witch Hazel for a natural acne spot treatment. Tea tree oil fights bacteria and skin inflammation. This is a slow acting solution, but it has shown results when continued for a few weeks. Always dilute the one part tea tree oil or witch hazel with nine parts water (1:9 solution).

 

Your Guide to Healthy Hair

Hair care is highly individual and one of the most expressive ways that we can shape our appearance. A change in hair can help someone to freshen up, adopt a new attitude, or create a trademark look. The art of hair isn’t always easy, however.

Many people have a vision of what they want their hair to look like, but have difficulty contending with their natural hair type. Some hair types are more difficult to style, while other kinds of hair are easy to damage. If you’re not sure what your hair type is, here’s how to figure it out. Knowing your hair type will give you the best chance of keeping your hair healthy.

 

 

Hair Type

Your full hair type takes into account a few different factors, including its shape, texture, porosity, and elasticity.

To find your own hair type, next time you shower let it air dry naturally and without any hair products.

  • Hair that dries completely straight is considered straight hair.
  • Wavy hair will have a natural wave without fully curling.
  • Larger, more defined curls will indicate curly hair.
  • Very tight, z-shaped curls make for coily or kinky hair.

 

Hair Texture 

Once you’ve identified your hair type, it’s also important to know your hair texture. Hair texture plays a large role in how your hair will hold in different styles and will accept color and dyes.

  • Thick or coarse hair strands have the widest circumference, allowing it to look fuller than fine or medium hair, and it’s less prone to breaking. It can become frizzy in humid weather and it tends to take longer to dry than finer hair textures. This hair texture is the slowest to absorb color and requires more processing time. In some cases, very thick hair can be resistant to chemical treatments, such as a perm or chemical straightening.
  • Medium hair strands have a middle-range of circumference. This is the most common hair texture. It requires no specific considerations for dying or chemical treatments, as most will take and hold. It is also better at holding hairstyles and has a little more volume than fine hair.
  • Fine hair strands are thin and in some cases fragile. This hair texture processes quickly and lightens easily. Fine hair can become oily or greasy more quickly than other hair textures. It can quickly become over-processed, however, and may be damaged from strong chemical treatments and requires special care when using heated styling tools on it.

 

Hair Porosity

Another useful parameter to know is your hair’s porosity, or how the hair absorbs and holds moisture and hair products.

The porosity is determined by the hair’s cuticle layer, which helps to protect the inner layers of hair. The condition of the cuticle layer is determined by a variety of factors, including hereditary factors, environment, chemical processing, and heat styling, such as the overuse of hair dryers or straighteners.

  • High porosity is another way of talking about damaged hair. The protective cuticle layer has been damaged, allowing it to both absorb moisture too quickly and to dry out and become brittle. To protect porous hair, use hair products that contain keratin, argan oil, and ginseng root to repair damage and strengthen the protection.
  • Low porosity indicates hair that is resistant to absorbing moisture, which can pose its own problems. Low porosity hair is very resistant to coloring and requires more processing time.
  • Medium porosity is the healthiest for hair, and it will allow the hair to hold treatments and styles the best.

 

Hair Elasticity

Hair elasticity determines how much pulling and stretching the hair can withstand without breaking.

Age, heat, sun exposure, and chemical damage can cause hair to lose its elasticity.

High levels elasticity indicate healthy natural hair that is well-balanced and absorbing the needed moisture and protein. Hair with low elasticity is susceptible to breakage, splitting, and damage.

 

What Is Your Hair Type?

Straight Hair

Straight hair will naturally dry straight after being wet. This hair type is more likely to become greasy and shiny, since the natural oil from the scalp can travel down the hair more quickly.

The three primary varieties of straight hair include:

  • Type 1A – Straight hair with fine texture.
  • Type 1B – Straight hair with medium thickness, texture, and volume.
  • Type 1C – Straight, shiny hair with thick, coarse texture.

To care for straight hair:

  • Keep it clean to cut down on oil.
  • Use dry shampoo to manage grease on days that you do not wash your hair.
  • For straight, flat hair, use volumizing shampoos and conditioners.
  • Avoid using products that are too heavy or have too strong of a hold.
  • Check the label of products to make sure they aren’t adding extra oil to your hair. Avoid heavy serums and hair masks.
  • Use texture sprays to add volume to the hair.

 

Wavy Hair

Naturally wavy hair tends to have more thickness and volume than straight hair. Most people with wavy hair need to keep it moisturized to avoid frizziness.

The three primary varieties of way hair include:

  • Type 2A – Wavy hair with fine and thin texture. It has some s-shaped waves and is easy to style.
  • Type 2B – Wavy hair with medium thickness. It has s-shaped waves and tends to have some frizziness and flyaways.
  • Type 2C – Wavy hair with thick, coarse texture. It’s prone to frizzing, and can be difficult to style.

To care for wavy hair:

  • Look for products that help to control frizz without weighing down the natural wave and body of your hair, such as styling mousse or gel.
  • Avoid oily or creamy products that will weigh down the waves.
  • Opt for shampoos and conditioners that can hydrate and moisturize the hair.
  • A moisturizing hair mask will help with deep hydration.
  • Apply hair oil beginning mid-strand to help maintain moisture and natural hair form.

 

Curly Hair

Curly hair makes a definite spiral when dry. This hair type also tends to straighten when wet and curls again when it dries. It might have clearly defined or springy curls. This hair also tends to be easy to style.

  • Type 3A – Defined curls with thick texture. It can be shiny, but may also be frizzy.
  • Type 3B – Tighter curls with a combination of textures, from fine to thick with a variety of frizziness.
  • Type 3C – Very tight curls or kinks. It’s generally easy to style.

To care for curly hair:

  • To control frizz, keep hair moisturized. Use shampoos and conditioners that will offer max hydration for the hair.
  • Use mousse, creams, and jellies to control and define the curls while controlling frizz and flyaways.
  • Experiment with hair oils to lock in extra moisture.
  • Avoid combing, which could wreck the structure of the curls, and lead to unmanageable frizz.
  • Use a diffuser when using a hair dryer with curly hair to avoid damaging the hair and also encourage a blown-out wavy hair appearance.

 

Coily or Kinky Hair

Coily, kinky, or zig-zag pattern hair has very tight curls of variable definition. It tends to have a coarse texture. It can also be sensitive and prone to damage when exposed to extensive heat and chemical products.

  • Type 4A – Soft and fine with tight, well-defined curls or kinks.
  • Type 4B – Very tight curls that are less defined, softer, and more fragile.
  • Type 4C – Tight curls and z-shaped kinks.

 

To care for coily or kinky hair:

  • The products that you will look for should depend on the length and texture of your hair. Consult your stylist to get specific tips on caring for your specific hair type.
  • Moisturizing products are essential to caring for very curly hair, particularly a heavy moisturizing conditioner.
  • Use moisturizing masks and leave-in conditioner frequently.
  • Hair oils and creams can also lock in moisture while helping to define the hair shape.
  • If you have fragile or brittle hair, avoid blow drying and instead air dry to prevent damage and breakage.
  • Use a light pomade for styling.

 

Common Hair Conditions and What You Can Do About Them

Hair conditions can influence anything, from dandruff and scalp skin conditions to hair thickness and hair loss concerns. Many of these hair conditions are treatable and reversible. However, there are a few hereditary conditions that must be managed.

 

Greasy Hair

Greasy or oily hair can make your otherwise healthy hair appear limp, clumpy, or droopy.

Oily hair normally comes from an issue with the scalp or hair care products. Hair oil comes from pores on the scalp which secrete sebum to protect hair and give it a natural shine.

Excessive sebum production can result in greasy skin and hair as well. This can happen due to hormonal changes and imbalances during puberty, pregnancy, or monthly cycles.

It can also be a result of environmental factors, such as seasonal and climate changes. Additionally, poor diet, hair care, and some medications can cause the skin to overproduce sebum.

  • Don’t handle your hair more than you need to. When you run your hands through your hair, you are distributing the oil throughout the hair. This also happens when you brush the hair.
  • Scrubbing your scalp too hard or washing too frequently can irritate the scalp and trigger increased oil production. Instead, choose a mild shampoo and shampoo every two days.
  • Finish washing in cold water to close the pores and reduce sebum production.
  • Clean your hairbrush to keep from distributing dirty oils back into your clean hair.
  • Hot water and warm air from a hair dryer can stimulate oil production.
  • Too much hair product can build up on the scalp and cause excess grease. Be sparing with conditioners and choose lighter-weight hair products.
  • Consume B vitamins to combat oily hair.
  • Use a clarifying shampoo once a week to help detox and exfoliate the scalp, preventing clogged hair follicles on the scalp.

 

Dry Hair

Dry hair occurs when the hair isn’t retaining moisture. This reduces the hair’s natural sheen, making it appear dull and frizzy. Dry hair is more likely the older you get, due to reduced sebum production in aging skin.

When hair is healthy, natural oils help to coat the outer layers of the hair and thus protect the inner hair layers. Healthy hair also reflects light, helping the hair to appear shiny. With dry hair, however, the outer layer of the hair breaks down, causing it to become dull and damaged. Additionally, dry hair can be brittle and difficult to style and manage.

Dry hair can happen due to environmental conditions, hair care habits, and individual physical health. For example, living in a dry or hot climate, sun or wind exposure, and swimming in chlorinated or salty water can all cause dry hair.

Certain habits can also lead to dry hair, such as washing too frequently, using harsh shampoos, conditioners, or styling products, dyes or chemical treatments, regular blow-drying or the use of heat-based curling irons and straighteners.

In addition, malnutrition, hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, and Menkes syndrome all contribute to having dry and damaged hair.

  • Avoid shampooing your hair every day. Instead, use a mild shampoo every other time you wash your hair. 
  • Condition your hair every time you wash it.
  • Use moisturizing products, such as hair masks, leave-in conditioners, hair oils, such as argan oil, and creams.
  • Avoid chemical hair treatments, including hair drying.
  • Blow dry hair less frequently, and avoid using straightening irons and curling irons.
  • Wear a hat during prolonged sun exposure.
  • When swimming, protect hair using a swimming or bathing cap.
  • Trim your dry hair and cut off split ends.
  • Consume vitamins A and C, biotin, and iron to help the hair look healthier.

 

Dandruff

Dandruff is a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis, which is a condition that causes the scalp skin to flake off. While it isn’t contagious or serious, it can be embarrassing, unattractive, and difficult to manage.

Symptoms of dandruff include seeing dead skin on the scalp, in the hair, eyebrows, facial hair and shoulders. It can also cause an itchy scalp. Many people start to experience symptoms around puberty, but it can last all through adulthood.

Causes of dandruff may include inflamed, irritated, oily skin, or infrequent shampooing. Additionally, men are more likely to have dandruff than women.

  • For mild dandruff, use a gentle daily shampoo. More serious cases may require a medicated shampoo. Popular shampoos contain zinc pyrithione, which has antibacterial and antifungal benefits, coal, salicylic acid, or selenium sulfide.
  • Comb or brush your hair more often. This allows you to exfoliate the scalp while also spreading oil throughout the hair.
  • Wash your hair at least every other day.
  • To take care of itchiness, moisturize your scalp with oils that are both good for the hair and the skin, such as coconut or olive oil.
  • Don’t scratch at an itchy scalp. Instead, treat it with soothing ingredients.
  • Try to relax. For some, stress can aggravate dandruff.

 

Split Ends

Split ends refer to the fraying ends of dry or brittle hair. This can be a result of extreme weather conditions, such as sun and wind, harsh hair care and styling techniques, such as straightening and curling, or chemical hair products. Split ends are a common experience that most people will have at some point or another.

 

Nothing will heal a split end. The only option to get rid of a split end is to cut it off.

Some hair masks may be marketed as a way to repair or cure split ends. They might moisturize the hair and prevent more hair strands from splitting. However, they will not be able to repair hair that has already split.

Prevent split ends by:

  • Regular haircuts and trims (about every six weeks) will eliminate your split ends and help to keep your hair healthy.
  • Keep your hair moisturized by only shampooing every few washes and using moisturizing conditioners.
  • Use a leave-in conditioner, hair oil, or hair mask to keep hair nourished and moisturized.
  • Avoid conditions that damage hair, such as extreme cold, heat, or wind.
  • Avoid using chemical services that may damage the hair, such as coloring and chemical straightening.

 

Alopecia

Alopecia refers to a constellation of hair loss conditions. The most common conditions include Alopecia Areata, which is an autoimmune hair loss condition, and Androgenetic Alopecia, otherwise known as male or female pattern baldness.

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes hair to fall out in small patches. In many cases alopecia areata goes unnoticed until the condition spreads or the patches connect and become more noticeable. Alopecia areata is happens when the immune system mistakes the healthy hair follicle cells for foreign substances and attacks them.

Alopecia areata may cause hair loss on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, and face, as well as other parts of the body. It affects a small area all at once. It may develop slowly, stop for a while, and recur again after years. The extent of the hair loss and possibility for regrowth varies from person to person.

Most people with alopecia areata are otherwise healthy, and those experiencing symptoms should not be concerned that it is connected to overall poor health. Alopecia areata is a form of hair loss that can affect women and children as well as men. However, the extent of the hair loss is most often more significant in men. Hair affected by alopecia areata may grow back, but it may also be subject to fall out again during a recurrence.

In extreme cases, alopecia totalis refers to losing all the hair on the scalp and alopecia universalis can result in complete hair loss across the entire body that also prevents hair from growing back.

Androgenetic Alopecia is the scientific term for female or male pattern baldness. This is primarily a hereditary condition where male hormones cause hair follicles toward the front and top of the head to become smaller and finer until they discontinue creating hair. One way to slow down the process of male pattern baldness is by using a DHT blocker.

To prevent hair loss:

  • Consuming omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants can keep hair from thinning and help it to appear shinier.
  • Combining argan oil to promote hair growth, peppermint oil, which improves blood flow to the scalp, and lavender oil, which promotes growth, may help to stop hair loss and strengthen hair.
  • Exercise can help promote hair growth by increasing blood circulation.

 

Irritation and Folliculitis

Scalp itching and irritation happens due to a variety of causes. One of the most common is as a reaction to harsh hair care products, dyes, or chemical treatments. These products can trigger something similar to an allergic reaction called contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is most common with hair dye containing the common black hair dye ingredient para-phenylenediamine (PPD).

Folliculitis is a common form of skin irritant found in hair follicles all over the body, mostly known as ingrown hairs. Folliculitis causes inflammation and swelling around an infected and irritated hair follicle. This infection takes place within the skin where the hair is rooted. An in-grown hair may be irritated, red, itchy, painful, and it may cause bumps to develop along other pores. The infected area might form a small pustule.

Razor bumps are another form of folliculitis, which occur on sensitive skin that has been shaven. These bumps are caused when the sharp edges of newly shaven hair sink below the top layer of skin. This hair then turns back into the skin, causing irritation and even minor infection. More severe versions of this can cause the entire hair to be infected, creating a large pustule.

  • In most cases these irritations can be treated at home. However, in cases of extensive infection or lasting rashes, it’s important to see a doctor regarding treatment.
  • Stop using products that cause the allergic reaction. Make note of what products they are and even what ingredients they contain.
  • Use a high quality shaving cream or shaving butter.
  • Deal with hair infections the way you might deal with skin acne. Try not to pick at itchy or painful infections. Use anti-bacterials and healing ointments.
  • In some cases you may need to remove or redirect the hair causing the infection.
  • For minor irritations and bumps, leave the infection alone, and rely on your immune system to heal the infected area.

 

Essential Hair Products

Here is a breakdown of the most popular hair care essentials in the order of regular routine application. Keep in mind that many hair care measures, such as hair masks, might only be necessary once a week or every few days.

  • Moisture-Rich Shampoo – Shampoo allows you to cleanse your hair and scalp. This can be very useful for individuals with oily hair, as it helps to eliminate some of the natural oils that may make hair appear greasy. Many people, particularly those with dry hair do not need to use shampoo every time that they bathe or wash their hair. If your hair is dry, try to limit your shampoo use to every other hair washing or even less.
  • Clarifying Shampoo – When used once a week, clarifying shampoo can help to eliminate buildup around the hair roots and on the scalp. This will reduce oiliness and irritation. 
  • Nourishing Conditioner – Conditioner is one of the main ways to replenish hair with moisture and oils, particularly while bathing and washing oils out of your hair. Individuals with oily hair might prefer to condition very lightly. Conversely, those with dry hair should lean on conditioner for its moisturizing properties.
  • Hair Mask – Hair masks are cream conditioners with oils and moisturizers that you put on your hair for a fifteen to twenty minute time period. For those with dry hair, this can be a way of adding powerful moisture and nutrients.
  • Oral Supplements – Oral supplements, such as vitamins and antioxidants can help to strengthen your hair while encouraging hair growth. Many have seen good results with oral supplements containing biotin. Some people also take prenatal vitamins to boost their hair and nails, since these supplements contain many of the vitamins that will help hair growth.
  • Hair Oils or Serums – Hair oils help to retain moisture and nourish hair. They are normally applied halfway down the strand, down to the ends, and then brushed through the hair to distribute it. Many people with dry hair will apply a hair oil a few times a week.

 

Hair Styling and Hair Cutting

One way to keep your hair healthy is with frequent cuts, about once every season. Not only does this rid your hair of dead ends but it also helps you to feel pride in taking care of your hair. 

Hair Styling Products 101

When adding product to the hair, avoid adding it in top-down. This will weigh down the top of your hair and keep it from having body or bounce. Instead start at the back where your hair is at its thickest. Then work the product around to the sides and up to the top.

  • Styling Products – Styling sprays help to add volume while controlling frizz. If you have fine hair, you can opt for a volumizing spray to add body.
  • Sea Salt Spray – These sprays encourage your hair to form beachy waves. After spraying, scrunch up hair to help it form a new, interesting shape. You can even make your own sea salt spray by combining one tablespoon of sea salt to a cup of warm water in a spray bottle. Then, when the salt is completely dissolved, add in one tablespoon each of melted coconut oil and a leave-in hair conditioner. Always shake before use.
  • Hair Spray – Hair spray helps to boost volume and hold the hair in place after styling.

 

Hair Styling Tools 101

  • Curling Irons help to add volume to otherwise flat or straight hair. They can also give structure to more wavy hair.
  • Flat Irons straighten out curls and waves in unwanted places. Make sure to only use flat irons with ceramic plates, since these are less likely to damage hair.
  • Ionic Blow Dryers can be the most powerful and quickest way to dry and style your hair without over-exposing it to heat.
  • Paddle Hair brushes help to distribute oils throughout the hair, exfoliate the scalp, and detangle hair strands. A quality brush not only lasts longer than a cheaper brush, but it’s also more gentle with your hair to reduce tugging and hair damage.
  • Round brushes add body to your hair when blow drying.
  • Foam Rollers help to give your hair body without the risk of adding heat. Many women use hot rollers for their ability to add body to the crown of hair.

 

How Do Styling Products and Tools Affect Your Hair?

Heat tools can damage and dry out hair in the long term. This is important to note, because even the safest ionic blow dryers and ceramic flat irons will cause damage when used too frequently.

The more damaged your hair is, the more difficult it will be to manage, and the more styling and processing it will require.

We recommend having days to let you hair relax with air drying, moisture hair masks, and only moisture-based hold products. This will help your hair recover from heat treatments throughout the rest of the week.

 

Stress and How It Affects Your Hair

Stress can affect hair loss through a few conditions:

  • Telogen Effluvium is a condition that causes widespread hair shedding across the entire scalp. The cause does not tend to be cortisol itself so much as the way most people neglect their body when they are stressed.
    For example, low nutrition levels can cause hair thinning. Stress also impacts the digestive system, including the body’s ability to absorb important nutrients. Additionally, stress impacts the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to illnesses, such as the flu, high fevers, and other physical conditions that can trigger hair loss.
  • Trichotillomania is the urge to tug or pull out one’s own hair, eyebrows, or facial hair when stressed. This is a psychological complex that may be triggered by anxiety, depression, or a traumatic experience.

 

Nutrition

The body considers hair to be non-essential for survival. This means that hair is among the first thing that the body cuts off nutrients to when it perceives that it is stressed or in danger. Healthy hair requires a strong vitamin balance, including iron, protein, and enough energy to power a healthy body.

Low nutrition levels, such as those associated with eating disorders or eating overly processed foods, can lead to hair thinning as well as damaged and fragile hair.

Foods That Are Good for Hair

Foods that are good for hair also tend to be the same foods that are good for the body. Chances are, if you have a healthy diet, you’re already consuming many of the nutrients that are good for your hair, such as omega-3 fatty acids, iron, vitamins B and C, and beta-carotene.

  • Eggs contain protein, biotin, which helps the production of keratin, as well as zinc and selenium.
  • Berries and other fruits, such as blueberries and tangerines, often combine antioxidants with vitamin C, which helps the body produce collagen and absorb iron.
  • Spinach packs folate, iron, and vitamins A and C, which help to increase hair growth and improve moisture retention.
  • Fatty fish, such as salmon, sardines, and herring, help to promote hair growth with omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Sweet potatoes are a rich source of beta-carotene, which converts into vitamin A.
  • Avocados provide healthy fats, and the antioxidant vitamin E.
  • Nuts, including nut butters, such as peanut and almond butter, contain vitamins and nutrients that help to strengthen hair growth while also reducing inflammation, such as the vitamin E in almonds.
  • Seeds, such as flaxseeds and chia seeds, contain omega-3 fatty acids, while sunflower seeds contain vitamins E and B.
  • Sweet peppers contain vitamin C, making them strong antioxidants.
  • Shrimp offer protein, vitamins B and D, zinc, iron, and a small amount of omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Beans offer protein, zinc, and other hair growth ingredients, such as iron, biotin, and folate.
  • Soybeans contain a compound called spermidine which promotes hair growth.

Foods That Are Bad for Hair

  • Swordfish contains high levels of mercury, which has been linked to hair loss. Very large fish will be higher in mercury than smaller fish. This could also affect some tuna and mackerel.
  • Too much sugar can inhibit the absorption of protein, which is very important for hair growth. Avoid added sugar in foods that don’t need it.
  • Starchy white grains are converted to sugar. Opt for whole grain starches whenever you can.
  • Alcohol slows zinc absorption throughout your body. Zinc is very important for healthy hair growth. Additionally alcohol dehydrates you allowing your hair to be more brittle.
  • Too much vitamin A from supplements can lead to hair loss.

 

Body Hair

Where, how much, and the texture of body hair that we grow is primarily a hereditary factor. How we groom our body hair, however, touches on our more personal and intimate lifestyle decisions.

Most individuals will treat their body hair similar to skincare throughout their body. Nonetheless, there are a number of grooming decisions that can help with quality of life and personal hygiene.

 

Benefits of Body Hair Grooming

  • You can take control to improve your looks. Many feel that once they’ve groomed their body, it looks younger, more toned, and better defined.
  • It’s more hygienic. Body hair grooming helps to remove dead skin cells, as well as other bacteria. It also helps you keep track of the condition of your skin and hair so you know if something’s wrong with your body.
  • You may feel a confidence boost. Grooming helps you to take pride in your appearance and feel the confidence of customizing the way you look to your own preferences.
  • You might sweat less. Sweat is a way of cooling down the body, and hair helps to insulate the body and keep it warm. Without that layer of hair, you won’t need to sweat as much to cool down.
  • It could improve your sex life. Well groomed body hair could be more attractive to sexual partners while also promoting physical sensitivity.

 

Hair Removal

Hair trimming and removal is one of the biggest choices when it comes to grooming body hair. There are tools and methods to help you tackle every area of the body.

Perhaps the most familiar are the razors and shaving creams associated with shaving facial hair. Nonetheless, there’s a lot more to body hair removal than a beard shave or trim.

For spots that need frequent hair removal, many will opt for shaving as an easy at-home method. However, shaving can cause irritation around sensitive skin, especially if you don’t have the right sensitive skin shaving cream. Other, more sensitive spots are better off waxed or treated with laser hair removal.

 

DIY Hair Care Homemade Remedies

Just as with commercial hair care products, everyone will react differently to the various ingredients in DIY products. Pay attention to how your hair reacts to one product before putting more on.

 

DIY Recipes for Dry Hair

  • DIY Hot Oil Treatment – To make your own hot oil treatment, heat your favorite hair oils gently on a stovetop or in a microwave. Apply the warm oil after washing your hair. Keep an eye on the heat because you never want the oil to become so warm that it can scald or burn the skin. Combine plant-based carrier oils with essential oils, such as peppermint to encourage hair growth. Try out coconut, almond, castor, jojoba, or corn oil, which contain vitamin E and antioxidants.
  • Coconut Oil Mask – Make your own hair oil by combining peppermint oil, argan oil, and lavender oil. Apply before bed to allow to soak in overnight. You may also consider wearing a shower cap to protect your pillowcase. 
  • Yogurt and Oil mask – To make a nourishing hair mask, combine one half cup of plain yogurt, 2 tablespoons of olive oil, and about 6 drops of a targeted essential oils, such as lavender or peppermint. Wash out after ten to fifteen minutes.

 

DIY Recipes for Greasy Hair

  • Apple Cider Vinegar – Use apple cider vinegar like a hair oil to cut down on grease while also nourishing the hair. Make sure to dilute the vinegar with at least five parts water to one part vinegar.
  • Sea Salt Scalp Scrub – Combine equal parts olive oil, lemon, and sea salt to make your own sea salt scalp scrub to clear away greasy buildup around your hair roots. Don’t scrub too harshly and rinse gently to clear away the scrub and loosened build up of dead skin cells and oils.

 

DIY Recipes for Brittle Hair

  • Argan Hair Oil – Combine sweet almond oil, panthenol, and argan oil to create your own argan oil treatment to distribute through your hair after washing.
  • Nourishing Egg Mask – Create your own nourishing egg mask by blending an egg with a few drops of your favorite hair-friendly essential oils, such as peppermint or lavender. Apply directly to hair after bathing, or combine with conditioner and spread across hair. Allow to sit for ten minutes before washing away.

 

Conclusion

Hair and skin is much more than beauty or style. They’re also a marker of health, self-care, and self-confidence. No matter how much you may care about your skin and hair, however, it can be tricky to hold down a routine that allows your hair and skin to be at their best. However, the most important thing is to learn from your own experience with your skin and hair, so that you can find the best way to care for it.

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